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the violent and criminal man who commits sexual crimes tends to
be fair even amid a dark population. Criminals on the whole would
appear to tend to be dark rather than fair; but Marro found in
Italy that the group of sexual offenders differed from all other
groups of criminals in that their hair was predominantly fair.
(_Caratteri del Delinquenti_, p. 374.) Ottolenghi, in the same
way, in examining 100 sexual offenders, found that they showed 17
per cent., of fair hair, though criminals generally (on a basis
of nearly 2000) showed only 6 per cent., and normal persons
(nearly 1000) 9 per cent. Similarly while the normal persons
showed only 20 per cent. of blue eyes and criminals generally 36
per cent., the sexual offenders showed 50 per cent. of blue eyes.
(Ottolenghi, _Archivio di Psichiatria_, fasc. vi, 1888, p. 573.)
Burton remarked (_Anatomy of Melancholy_, Part III, Section II,
Mem. II, Subs. II) that in all ages most amorous young men have
been yellow-haired, adding, "Synesius holds every effeminate
fellow or adulterer is fair-haired." In folk-lore, it has been
noted (Kryptadia, vol. ii, p. 258), red or yellow hair is
sometimes regarded as a mark of sexuality.
In harmony with this fairness, sexual offenders would appear to
be more dolichocephalic than other criminals. In Italy Marro
found the foreheads of sexual offenders to be narrow, and in
California Draehms found that while murderers had an average
cephalic index of 83.5, and thieves of 80.5, that of sexual
offenders was 79.
On the other hand, high cheek-bones and broad faces--a condition
most usually found associated with brachycephaly--have sometimes
been noted as associated with undue or violent sexuality. Marro
noted the excess of prominent cheek-bones in sexual offenders,
and in America it has been found that unchaste girls tend to have
broad faces. (_Pedagogical Seminary_, December, 1896, pp. 231,
It will be seen that, when we take a comprehensive view of the facts and
considerations involved, it is possible to obtain a more definite and
coherent picture of the physical signs of a marked aptitude for
detumescence than has hitherto been usually supposed possible. But we also
see that while the _ensemble_ of these signs is probably fairly reliable
as an index of marked sexuality, the separate signs have no such definite
significance, and under some circumstances their significance may even be
 See Bierent, _La Puberte_; Marro, _La Puberta_ (and enlarged French
translation, _La Puberte_), and portions of G.S. Hall's _Adolescence_;
also Havelock Ellis, _Man and Woman_ (fourth edition, revised and
 Adler, _Die Mangelhafte Geschlechtsempfindung des Weibes_, p. 174;
Moll, "Perverse Sexualempfindung, Psychische Impotenz und Ehe" (Section
II), in Senator and Kaminer, _Krankheiten und Ehe_.
 Roubaud, _Traite de l'Impuissance_, p. 524.
 Marro, _Caratteri del Delinquenti_, p. 374.
 Kryptadia, vol. ii, p. 258.
 Marro, _La Puberta_, p. 196. In Italy, the sensuality of the lame is
the subject of proverbs.
 _Archivio di Psichiatria_, 1896, p. 515; Kryptadia, vol. vi, p. 212.
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